Author: Riya Singh Chauhan

India presented the Minimum Wages Act in 1948, giving both the Central government and State government ward in fixing compensation. The demonstration is legitimately non-official, yet legal. Installment of wages underneath the lowest pay permitted by law rate adds up to constrained work. Pay Boards are set up to survey the business’ ability to pay and fix least wages with the end goal that they at any rate cover a group of four’s necessities of calories, cover, apparel, instruction, clinical help, and diversion. Under the law, wage rates in planned vocations contrast across states, areas, abilities, districts and occupations inferable from distinction in expenses of living, territorial ventures’ ability to pay, utilization designs, and so forth Thus, there is no single uniform the lowest pay permitted by law rate the nation over and the structure has gotten excessively unpredictable

Some Salient Features of the Minimum Wages Act

  • The Act is legitimately not restricting however legal. Compensation Boards are set up to audit the business’ ability to pay and fix least wages with the end goal that they in any event cover a group of four necessities of calories, cover, garments, instruction, clinical help, and diversion.
  • Sec  3 of the Minimum Wages Act of 1948 states that the Appropriate government should be permitted, in the way indicated in the Act, to set the lowest pay permitted by law rate. It will set the wages to be paid under Part I and Part II of the timetable to representatives covered.
  • The Appropriate Government will be permitted, at spans considered suitable, to audit the lowest pay permitted by law levels and, if pertinent, overhaul the base compensation. There should be no periods more prominent than 5 years.
  • Not paying Minimum wages is an offense culpable as long as a half year’s detainment or with fine up to Rs. 500 or with both

Wages act : Constitutional Validity

A Draft Convention on the subject of least wages was received at the International Labor Conference held in Geneva in 1928. Draft Convention mulled over the making of a lowest pay permitted by law obsession apparatus just on account of:

India in it’s commitment to approve the International Convention has fused a Minimum Wages for the planned livelihoods referenced in the demonstration. Be that as it may, over and again the business class has tested the legitimacy of the said demonstration in the lobbies of the high court.

The Supreme Court in its decisions has held that non-installment of least wages prompts constrained work which is restricted under Article 23 of the Indian Constitution.

Where an individual gives work or administration to another for compensation which is not exactly the base wages, such work is constrained work inside the importance of article 23 of the Constitution and accordingly qualifies the individual for conjure article 32 or article 226 of the Constitution of India: Union for Democratic Rights v. Association of India

Article 14

It was said that the arrangements of this Act additionally disregards Article 14 of the Constitution which accommodates correspondence under the watchful eye of the law.

Article 19

The dispute of the businesses that the said demonstration penetrates their entitlement to deregulation and calling ensured under the Art was dismissed by the preeminent court.Whether the demonstration affronts central rights ensured under Art. 19(1)(g) by Minimum Wages Act, 1948 was tested on account of BIJAY COTTON MILLS LTD versus THE STATE OF AJMER

Article 43

It can hardly be questioned that making sure about of living wages to workers which guarantee exposed actual means as well as the support of wellbeing and respectability is helpful for the overall interest of people in general. This is one of the order standards of State strategy encapsulated in Article 43 of our Constitution.

Code On Wages, 2019

The Code on Wages, 2019 was presented in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Labor, Mr. Santosh Gangwar on July 23, 2019. It looks to direct wage and extra installments in all work where any industry, exchange, business, or production is done

The Code proposes to get rid of the idea of bringing explicit positions under the Act, and orders that base wages be paid for a wide range of business – independent of whether they are in the coordinated or the sloppy area


The Minimum Wages Act which has been consolidated into Wage Code of 2019 the challenges tend to still subsist where the fixation and revision of the wages is entirely in the hands of bureaucrats which can in turn lead to lobbying by the big private players in the country. But the research has clearly shown the validity and existence of the Minimum wage in the countries cannot be shaken and has been protected by judiciary from time to time.

The working class which is suffering even during the lockdown will have face hardships on another level. The government needs to make sure that no employee be subjected to wages which are below the minimum wages set by the government