Why advocates and Judges wear black Coat and what is the difference between an Advocate and a lawyer?

You must have seen lawyers around the courts or inside the courts with black courts and tie-bands around their necks and also heard lawyers with many names.  You may be unaware that what is the difference between these names and what is the reason behind this costume?

Any profession can have a fixed costume.  Similarly, lawyers also have a fixed dress and this dress is also mandatory for lawyers.  There are also benefits of this costume, due to which the lawyers in the courts are recognized from afar among the general public.

Black Coat There is a lot of logic behind the black coat worn by lawyers and judges. Gowns are also worn with black coats by lawyers and judges in the courts of India as well.

The Lawyers Act 1961 also made it mandatory for lawyers and judges to wear black coats and neckbands inside the court.  This practice originated from England.

The first black coat was worn by lawyers in England itself.  King Charles II died in 1685, after which all court lawyers were ordered to wear a black gown/court in mourning.  After this the trend of wearing black color court started in the court.

There are many things in the Indian judiciary that have been going on since the time of the British, so even today the black coat is worn by lawyers.  Not only Coat but there are other such practices which started during the British period.  Black color symbolizes blindness.  This means that lawyers and judges will not show any favoritism.  The judge will be firm to justice and the lawyer will be honest to his client.  He shall not discriminate against any caste, religion, language, sex, region other than that of his client.

Black color is such a color on which you cannot paint any other color and the reason to associate the judiciary with this color is that the court cannot be painted in any color and it will remain firm about justice, no color can be applied to it.  can.  Black color has also been a symbol of power and bravery, hence the color of coat and gown has been kept black.

The gown is also worn by lawyers and judges of the High Court and Supreme Court.  This type of gown is also worn in the courts of England.  This gown was originated by England itself.

In England, the legal profession was done by the people of the affluent homes and wearing long clothes was the identity of the people of the affluent houses.

The advocacy was mostly done by wealthy highly educated people who wore such a gown.  This gown had two pockets in the back and the client used to put money according to the devotion that his lawyer had in the pocket of this gown.  No fee was demanded from the client by the lawyers.

Band Band is an important part of lawyers’ costume and band has also been made mandatory for Indian lawyers.  Once upon a time lawyers used to wear bands to hide their collars and this band was a stiff cloth of linen.  Linen was a costly cloth, from which the dead were wrapped and kept in pyramids etc. in Egypt.  Later, white bands were also added to the costumes of lawyers. Under the Act 1961, wearing a black coat with a white band tie was made mandatory in the courts. This costume has become the hallmark of lawyers today.

By how many names are lawyers known?

Commonly called Advocate, Advocate, Advocate, Advocate, Advocate General, Attorney General, Lawyer, Public Prosecutor, Solicitor.  The word Vakil is from Urdu and it is in vogue from the time when Mughal rulers ruled India.  Tajirat-e-Hind was implemented in India in the name of penal code.  Later it was renamed as Indian Penal Code by the British rulers and its draft was redrawn.  Lawyer means a person speaking on behalf of another person.

Now in Indian courts, lawyers are known in writing only by the words advocate, solicitor and advocate, but there are also different terms of lawyers.

Loire is an English word, Loire.  A lawyer is one who has a law degree, who is trained in the field of law and provides advice and assistance on legal matters.  That is, a law graduate, knowledgeable in law, who has taken LLB degree, he becomes a lawyer.  He does not have permission to fight the case in the court, but as soon as he gets a sanad from the Bar Council of India, he passes the BCI examination, then becomes authorized to appear in any court, then he  becomes an advocate.

Every advocate is a lawyer, but not every lawyer is an advocate.


Advocate, also called Advocate, Advocate.  That is, the authoritative speaker who has the authority to speak on behalf of someone is advocate. Advocate is a verb in English which means to take sides.  An advocate is one who has the right to appear in court on behalf of another person.  Simply put, an advocate presents the arguments on behalf of another person in the court.  To become an advocate, it is mandatory to complete the law studies.  A person is first a lawyer, then an advocate.


If a person obtains a degree in law from England, he is called a barrister and he has to memorize the oral constitution of England.  Barrister is a type of lawyer who practices in a common law court, but the meaning of barrister is taken from education.  If a person acquires legal education from a university in England, then he will be a barrister because in England the degree of law is received by him only who memorizes the oral constitution of England.  The barrister also gets the status of advocate after getting his name registered in the bar council of the state.

Public Prosecutor

Public Prosecutor is a person who has a degree in Law, having the capacity to be an Advocate, who has passed the BCI examination and if this person takes the side of the victim on behalf of the State Government i.e. on behalf of the Victim in the Court.  If it is presented, then this is what we call Public Prosecutor or Public Prosecutor.  Section 24 of the Code of Criminal Procedure deals with the Public Prosecutor.  Public Prosecutor is a person who is appointed by the Central Government or the State Government under the provisions of criminal procedure to represent cases on behalf of the State in criminal matters.  The main role of a public prosecutor is to deliver justice in the interest of the public.

The work of a public prosecutor begins when the police have concluded their investigation and filed a charge sheet against the accused in the court.  The public prosecutor is expected to act impartially and present all the facts, documents, and evidence of the case so as to assist the court in arriving at the right decision.

If the person is a degree holder or an advocate, comes to the court on behalf of the private party, then he becomes a pleader.  A pleader is actually a person who petitions and pleads in a court of law on behalf of his client.  A government petitioner is also formed under section 2(7) of the Civil Procedure Code 1908, who is appointed by the State Government for all government functions, in accordance with the Civil Procedure Code 1908. That is, someone acting under the directions of the government  Advocate too.

Advocate General

A person who has a degree in Law, who has the capacity to be an Advocate and if he appears in the court to represent him on behalf of the State Government, then he is called Advocate General or Advocate General.  is.  In India, an Advocate General is a legal advisor to a state government.  This post has been created by the Constitution of India.  The Governor of each State, the Advocate General, appoints a person who is qualified to be appointed as a Judge of the High Court.

Attorney General

If this person who has a degree in law has the ability to be an advocate and if he appears on behalf of the central government to represent them in the court, then he becomes the Attorney General.  The office of Attorney General of India has been provided under Article 76 of the Constitution.  He is the highest law officer of the country.  They are appointed by the President.  He must possess the qualifications which are required for the appointment of a Judge of the Supreme Court.  In other words, he is required to be a citizen of India, having five years’ experience of working as a High Court Judge or 10 years’ experience of practice in a High Court or as the President may consider.  He should be a person capable of judicial matters.  The tenure of the Attorney General has not been fixed by the Constitution. Apart from this, no basic system has been given in the Constitution to remove him.

Solicitor General

If the same person who has a degree in Law, has the capacity to be an advocate and becomes an assistant to the Attorney General, then he is called Solicitor General.  He is the country’s second legal officer, assisting the Attorney General, and the Solicitor General is assisted by four Additional Solicitors General.

Like the Attorney General in India, the Solicitor General in India advises and appears on behalf of the Government in terms of the Solicitor General and Law Officers (Terms and Conditions) Rules, 1972.  However, unlike the post of Attorney General, which is a constitutional post under Article 76 of the Constitution of India, the posts of Solicitor General and Additional Solicitor General are only statutory. The Appointments Cabinet Committee appoints the Solicitor General.